Kids Go Global > Issues > First Nations 
  • Did You Know...

    Number of Nations

    There are over 634 recognized First Nations governments or bands, roughly half of which are in the provinces of Ontario and British Columbia. The total population with First Nation identity in Canada is more than 850,000.

  • Resource...

    Kid's Stop

    The Government of Canada website has a bunch of resources for learning about First Nations cultures. Share these with your students!

  • Did You Know...

    The Circle is a Sacred Symbol

    In First Nation spirituality the circle is everywhere – the medicine wheel, meetings and gatherings are held in circles, dances are performed in circles, drums are round, and so are sweat lodges and tipis. The circle is the symbol of the cycle of all forms of life.

  • Did You Know...

    Creation Beliefs

    The Iroquois creation story often includes elements of the earth being formed on the turtle’s back with animals and all other creatures providing further guidance when Sky Woman gives birth to First Woman.

First Nations


First Nations

The first inhabitants of Canada.

First Nations people have lived in Canada for over 12,000 years, long before European settlers. Their culture developed around responding to the harsh climate while maintaing respect for the land and the animals. First Nations people are highly aware of the threat of overhunting and use all parts of the animals for food, tools, clothes, and resources. 

Throughout North America, different variations of First Nations culture developed into tribes of people. Each group shares basic principles, but has developed their own stories, songs, dance, dress, and even government. These unique cultures developed autonomously, but became threated by overpowering European cultures. First Nations people today work hard to maintain and preserve their history and culture in an age of technology and assimilation. 

  • Explore The Issue

    Residential Schools

    Residential schools were put in place to conform First Nations children to the western way of learning, thinking and language.

    Taking children from their families and forcing them into these school has caused a massive number of problems for the First Nations people and is a very dark spot in Canadian history. The negative effects of Residential schools are resounding in many First Nation communities across Canada today.

    Finding The Balance

    First Nations people in Canada have unique customs, traditions and languages that needs to be remembered and passed on from generation to generation. 

    This can be a challenge in the modern world with technology and culture constantly changing. How do modern First Nations people find the balance?

    First Nations Culture and Language

    Since the early 90's there has been a large focus on the revitalization of First Nations languages, arts and culture. 

    To aid in this process, organizations like the First People Cultural Council have been formed to help communities recover and sustain their heritage for generations to come.

  • Questions about First Nations People

    1. How many First Nations people are there in Canada, your province, or city?
    2. What kinds of First Nations cultures are in your local community?
    3. What makes these cultures unique?
    4. How did the residential school program affect the First Nations people of Canada?
    5. What does it mean to find the balance between two worlds?
  • Resources for Grades K-6


    The Learning Circle

    The Learning Circle has been produced to help meet Canadian educators' growing need for elementary-level learning exercises on First Nations. 
    Source: Government of Canada

    Kids' Stop

    Kids' Stop is a fun zone for kids loaded with information about Aboriginal history, culture and languages, games and stories, and classroom resources for teachers. 
    Source: Government of Canada

    For More Resources Click Here!

  • Resources for Grades 7-12


    National Aboriginal Day

    National Aboriginal Day (NAD) takes place on June 21. It is a special day to celebrate the unique heritage, diverse cultures and outstanding achievements of First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples in Canada. 
    Source: Government of Canada

    Five Voices of Aboriginal Youth in Canada

    Five Voices of Aboriginal Youth in Canada is the product of a series of 15 interviews from five different Aboriginal communities across Canada — three youth in each community. 
    Source: Government of Canada

    For More Resources Click Here!

  • Links to Partner Resource Libraries

    Links to more Educational Materials KGG Partner? Country
    Ghost River Rediscovery yes Canada

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  • How to Take Action

    Do you want to get involved either locally or internationally in this issue?

    If so, check out the Explore column to the right. It contains NGO projects that you could support, as well as links to the showcases.

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